With the exception of the semi-arid steppe of the south-eastern section, the province has adequate water resources.
Princess Louise was the wife of John Campbell, Marquess of Lorne, Governor General of Canada (1878–83).
Lake Louise and Mount Alberta were also named in her honour.
Alberta's capital city, Edmonton, is located approximately in the geographic centre of the province.
It is the most northerly major city in Canada, and serves as a gateway and hub for resource development in northern Canada.
The Alberta badlands are located in southeastern Alberta, where the Red Deer River crosses the flat prairie and farmland, and features deep canyons and striking landforms.
Dinosaur Provincial Park, near Brooks, Alberta, showcases the badlands terrain, desert flora, and remnants from Alberta's past when dinosaurs roamed the then lush landscape.
In the summer, continental air masses have produced record maximum temperatures from 32 °C (90 °F) in the mountains to over 40 °C (104 °F) in southeastern Alberta.
Alberta extends for over 1,200 km (750 mi) from north to south; its climate, therefore, varies considerably.
The province is the namesake of the Alberta clipper, a type of intense, fast-moving winter storm that generally forms over or near the province and pushed with great speed by the continental polar jetstream descends over the rest of Southern Canada and the northern tier of the United States.
In the summer, the average daytime temperatures range from around 21 °C (70 °F) in the Rocky Mountain valleys and far north, up to around 28 °C (82 °F) in the dry prairie of the southeast.
The region, with its proximity to Canada's largest oil fields, has most of western Canada's oil refinery capacity.